Spider Web


RS Vetter publications regarding medically important spiders

*PDF  = available as PDF.  Request a copy and I will send it rick.vetter@ucr.edu.

Vetter, R. S.  2018. Clinical consequences of toxic envenomation by spiders.  Toxicon 152: 65-70. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and S. A. Hedges.  2018. Integrated pest management of the brown recluse spider.  J. Integr. Pest Mngmt. 9(1): 4, 1-8. *PDF

Nentwig, W., P. Pantini and R. S. Vetter.  2017.  Distribution and medical aspects of Loxosceles rufescens, one of the most invasive spiders of the world (Araneae: Sicariidae). Toxicon 132: 19-28. *PDF

Stoecker, W. V., R. S. Vetter and J. A. Dyer.  2017. NOT RECLUSE – a mnemonic device to avoid false diagnosis of brown recluse spider bites. JAMA Dermatology 153: 377-378. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2015.  The Brown Recluse Spider.  Cornell University Press.  Ithaca, N.Y.

Marie, J. and R. S. Vetter.  2015.  Establishment of the brown widow spider (Araneae: Theridiidae) and infestation of its egg sacs by a parasitoid, Philolema latrodecti (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) in French Polynesia and the Cook Islands. J. Med. Entomol. 52: 1291-1298.  *PDF

Vetter, R. S., D. L. Swanson, S. A. Weinstein and J. White.  2015.  Do spiders vector bacteria during bites? The evidence indicates otherwise. Toxicon 93: 171-174. *PDF

Vetter, R. S., R. L. Crawford and D. J. Buckle. 2014. Spiders (Araneae) found in bananas and other international cargo submitted to North American arachnologists for identification. J. Med. Entomol. 51: 1136-1143. *PDF

McKeown, N., R. S. Vetter, and R. G. Hendricksen.  2014.  Verified spider bites in Oregon (USA) with the intent to assess hobo spider venom toxicity. Toxicon  84: 51-55. *PDF

Cramer, K. L. and R. S. Vetter.  2014.  Distribution of the brown recluse spider (Araneae: Sicariidae) in Illinois and Iowa.  J. Med. Entomol. 51: 46-49. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2013. The milk widow spider? Repeated misspelling of the widow spider genus Latrodectus as “Lactrodectus”. Toxicon 73: 69-70. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. 2013. Arachnophobic entomologists: when two more legs makes a big difference. Amer. Entomol. 59: 168-175. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2013.  Spider envenomation in North America. Critical Care Nurs. Clinics No. Amer. 25: 205-223. *PDF

Vetter, R. S., L. S. Vincent, D. W. R. Danielsen, K. I. Reinker, D. E. Clarke, A. A. Itnyre, J. N. Kabashima, and M. K. Rust.  2012.  The prevalence of brown widow and black widow spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae) in urban southern California. J. Med. Entomol. 49: 947-951. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2012.  Envenomation by spiders of the genus Hololena (Araneae: Agelenidae). Toxicon 60: 312-314. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2011. Seasonality of brown recluse spiders, Loxosceles reclusa, submitted by the general public: implications for physicians regarding loxoscelism diagnoses. Toxicon 58: 623-625. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2010.  Myths based in science and medicine – how they initiate, propagate, and the role of peer-review research in dispelling them. [invited review]. Perspect. Agric. Veterin. Sci. Nutrition Natur. Resources 5, #041, 7 pp. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2009. The distribution of the brown recluse spider in the southeastern quadrant of the United States in relation to loxoscelism diagnoses. Southern Med. J. 102: 518-522. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2009.  Arachnids misidentified as brown recluse spiders by medical personnel and other authorities in North America. Toxicon 54: 545-547. *PDF

Vetter, R. S., N. C. Hinkle and L. M. Ames.  2009. Distribution of the brown recluse spider (Araneae: Sicariidae) in Georgia with a comparison of poison center reports of envenomations. J. Med. Entomol. 46: 15-20. *PDF

Pace, L. B. and R. S. Vetter.  2009.  Brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa) envenomation in small animals. J. Veterinary Emerg. Crit. Care 19:329-336.  *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and S. Hillebrecht. 2008. Distinguishing two often-misidentified genera (Cupiennius, Phoneutria) (Araneae: Ctenidae) of large spiders found in Central and South American cargo shipments. Amer. Entomol. 54:82-87. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. 2008.  Spiders of the genus Loxosceles (Araneae, Sicariidae): a review of biological, medical and psychological aspects regarding envenomations.  J. Arachnol. 36:150-163. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and G. K. Isbister.  2008.  Medical aspects of spider bites.  Ann. Rev. Entomol. 53: 409-429. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2008.  Brown recluse and other recluse spiders: Integrated pest management in and around the home.  Univ. Calif. Pest Notes #7468, 6pp. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7468.html
Frithsen, I. L., R. S. Vetter and I. C. Stocks.  2007. Reports of envenomation by brown recluse spiders outnumber verified specimens of Loxosceles spiders in South Carolina.  J. Amer. Board Fam. Med. 20:483-488. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and D. L. Swanson.  2007.  Of spiders and zebras: publication of inadequately documented loxoscelism case reports.  J. Amer. Academy Dermatol.  56:1063-1064. *PDF

Vetter, R. S., B. B. Pagac, R. W.  Reiland, D. T. Bolesh and D. L. Swanson. 2006.  Skin lesions in barracks: consider community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection instead of spider bites. Military Medicine 171: 830-832. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and J. O. Schmidt.  2006.  Semantics of toxinology.  Toxicon 48:1-3. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and G. K. Isbister. 2006. Verified bites by the woodlouse spider, Dysdera crocata.  Toxicon 47:826-829. *PDF

Vetter, R. S., G. K. Isbister, S. P. Bush and L. J. Boutin. 2006.  Verified bites by Cheiracanthium spiders in the United States and Australia: where is the necrosis?  Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 74:1043-1048. *PDF

Swanson, D. L. and R. S. Vetter.  2006.  Loxoscelism.  Clin. Dermatol. 24:213-221. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and R. B. Furbee.  2006.  Caveats in interpreting poison control centre data for spider bites in epidemiology studies. Public Health 120: 179-181. *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2005.  Arachnids submitted as suspected brown recluse spiders (Araneae: Sicariidae): Loxosceles spiders are virtually restricted to their known distributions but are perceived to exist throughout the United States.  J. Med. Entomol.  42:512-521  *PDF

Isbister, G. K. and R. S. Vetter.   2005.  Necrotic arachnidism: more myths and minor corrections. [Letter]  Annals Emerg. Medicine 46: 205-206.

Isbister, G. K., J. White, B. J. Currie, S. P. Bush, R. S. Vetter and D. A. Warrell.  2005.  Spider bites: addressing mythology and poor evidence. Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hygiene 72: 361-364.

Swanson, D. L.  and R. S. Vetter.  2005.  Bites of brown recluse spiders [response to letters].  New Engl. J. Med. 352:2029-2030.

(be aware that NEJM changed the word “nonendemic” to “endemic” in one of our sentences which completely eradicated the significance of the sentence, making it confusing at best and completely wrong at worst.  A microscopic correction was printed.  NEJM 353:744)

Schmid, G. and R. Vetter. 2005.    Spider bites (mis)masquerading as infectious cellulitis [letter]   Ann Intern Med (online only) http://www.annals.org/cgi/eletters/142/1/47#1215

Vetter, R. S. and D. L. Swanson.  2005.  Arthropods in dermatology: errors in arachnology [Letter].  J Amer Acad Dermatol.  52: 923. *PDF

Swanson, D. L.  and R. S. Vetter.  2005.  Bites of brown recluse spiders and suspected necrotic arachnidism.  New Engl. J. Med. 352:700-707.

Vetter, R. S. and G. K. Isbister.  2004.  Do hobo spider bites cause dermonecrotic injuries?  Annals Emerg. Med. 44:605-607. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and S. P. Bush.  2004.  Additional considerations regarding brown recluse spider bites and dapsone therapy [Letter].  Amer. J. Emerg. Med.  22: 494-495.

Bennett, R. G. and R. S. Vetter. 2004.  Erroneous attribution of dermonecrotic lesions to brown recluse or hobo spiders in Canada.  Canadian Family Physician  50:1098-1101  *PDF

Bennett, R. G. and R. S. Vetter. 2004. Must have been a spider [response to letter to editor generated by the above article] Canadian Family Physician 50:1497,1499  *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2004.  Myths about spider envenomations and necrotic skin lesions.   Lancet  364:484-485. *PDF

Vetter, R. S., G. B. Edwards and L. F. James.  2004.  Reports of envenomation by brown recluse spiders (Araneae: Sicariidae) outnumber verifications of Loxosceles spiders in Florida. J. Medical Entomol. 41:593-597  *PDF

Vetter, R. S., P. E. Cushing, R. L. Crawford and L. A. Royce.  2003.   Diagnoses of brown recluse spider bites (loxoscelism) greatly outnumber actual verifications of the spider in four western American states.  Toxicon 42:413-418  *PDF

Vetter, R. S.  2003.  Brown recluse spider bite diagnoses and lawsuits.  Pediatric Emergency Care. 19:291-292  *PDF

Vetter, R. S., A. H. Roe, R. G. Bennett, C. R. Baird, L. A. Royce, W. T. Lanier, A. L. Antonelli and P.E. Cushing. 2003.  Distribution of the medically-implicated hobo spider (Araneae: Agelenidae) and its harmless congener, Tegenaria duellica in the United States and Canada. J. Med. Entomol. 40: 159-164. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and D. K. Barger. 2002. An infestation of 2,055 brown recluse spiders (Araneae: Sicariidae) and no envenomations in a Kansas home: implications for bite diagnoses in non-endemic areas. J. Med. Entomol. 39:948-951. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. and S. P. Bush.  2002. Chemical burn misdiagnosed as brown recluse spider bite.  Amer. J. Emerg. Medicine 20: 68-69.

Vetter, R. S. and S. P. Bush.  2002. The diagnosis of brown recluse spider bite is overused for dermonecrotic wounds of uncertain etiology.  Ann. Emerg. Medicine 39: 544-546.

Vetter, R. S. and S. P. Bush.  2002.  Reports of presumptive brown recluse spider bites reinforce improbable diagnosis in regions of North America where the spider is not endemic.  Clinical Infectious Diseases 35:442-445. *PDF

Vetter, R. S. 2000.  Brown recluse and other recluse spiders: Integrated pest management in and around the home.  Univ. Calif. Pest Notes #7468, 4pp. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7468.html

Vetter, R. S.  2000. Myth: idiopathic wounds are often due to brown recluse or other spider bites throughout the United States.  Western J. Medicine 173:357-358  *PDF

Vetter, R. S. 1999. Identifying and misidentifying the brown recluse spider.

Dermatol. Online 5 (2):  http://dermatology.cdlib.org/DOJvol5num2/special/recluse.html

Vetter, R.S.  1998. Envenomation by an agelenid spider, Agelenopsis aperta,

 previously considered harmless. Ann. Emerg. Med. 32:739-741.

*** common spider was misidentified as a brown recluse by doctor***

Vetter, R. S. and P. K. Visscher.  1998.  Bites and stings of medically important venomous arthropods. Intl. J. Dermatol. 37:481-496


The Brown Recluse Spider by Richard S. Vetter - Cornell University Press

The Brown Recluse Spider by Richard S. Vetter - Illustrated Kindle version

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